Most Beautiful Villages: Shiyanping Village

Editor:Sharon Lee
Source:english.rednet.cn
Updated:2015-07-30 09:33:58

Most Beautiful Villages: Shiyanping village, the Bright Color of Tujia culture in Mountains


(石堰坪村的朝门已有300多年历史 The gate of Shiyanping village has the history of more than 300 years.)

(村部所在的吊脚楼 Ministry of the village is in a Diaojiaoluo building.)

( 石堰坪村村部 The office of Village party committee in Shiyanping village)

( 正在休憩的村民 Villagers are taking a break.)

(抽空练习的乐手 Villagers are practicing their instruments in their spare time. )

(历史悠久的雕花窗棱 Well preserved Wooden-carved windows of lattices )

( 雕工精湛的柱础 an exquisite carving of plinth )

     迈过石堰坪村那300多年的朝门,村部所在的吊脚楼给我的第一印象是:可恨我的镜头广角不够,无法将整栋建筑完整拍摄下来。

     Rednet (Zhangjiajie): Crossing the 300-year-old gate, one can be impressed by the first sight of a Diaojiaoluo building; even it is now the office of Village party committee in Shiyanping village. It’s a pity not to take a whole picture of the scene.

     站在羊儿垭观景台上,张家界市永定区王家坪镇石堰坪村的美景一览无余,只见群山碧翠之间,吊脚楼依山就势错落有致,稻田、山塘和几柱蓝色的炊烟,更增添了浓浓的的人文意境。据石堰坪村党支部书记全建国介绍,全村900多人共拥有吊脚楼182栋,其中百年历史的超过70栋。“全国我不知道,但湖南很难找出比我们这里保存更完整的土家村落了。”2000年,做生意已有小成的全建国回到老家,带领村民致富,“族谱上说,石堰坪已经有600多年历史了,作为石堰坪人,我总舍不得这片看起来不那么洋气的地方。

     On the viewing platform of Yangerya, people may enjoy the panorama of beautiful Shiyanping village: Diaojialuo buildings at the foot of green mountains, rice fields, fish pools and smoke rising from families. It seems a beautiful picture of culture heritage in the village where has the population over 900 persons with 182 Diaojiaoluo buildings of over one hundred years of history, according to the secretary of village committee of CPC. “Rare Dong-minority villages in Hunan are well protected and completed conserved like ours, as I know,” said Quan Jianguo, a businessman who returned to his village for leading his villagers to better lives.” Shiyanping village has been existed for almost 600 years,” introduced Quan, ”as a member of Shiyanping, I am always fond of the unfashionable village.”

 当时村里青年大多外出打工,很多人的愿望都是攒点钱回家起新房子。

    A few years ago, most of younger generation of the village went to cities for working, with their wishes of earning money to build a new modern house at home.

    “我总觉得土家文化是石堰坪的一张王牌,吊脚楼作为载体,一拆了之太可惜。”全建国见过世面,他隐约知道村里那些“旧家什”的文化价值,“不仅要劝大家不能拆,还得保护好。”   

 After see the outside world , Quan said, “It is pity to pull down Diaojiaolou for just build modern buildings. I think Diaojiaolou dwellings are typical representation of Tujia Culture. He knew the priceless value of these old constructions, and it should be protected with good care.

 村民全子科致富后,准备回家盖栋小别墅。全建国请出其父全宙平出面一起做工作,最终全子科请来六位老师傅,花120万元,改修了一座吊脚楼小院。

     Quan Zike, a villager being rich, decided to pull down his old Diaojiaolou to build a modern house. Quan Jianguo and his father Quan Zhouping persuaded him to reconstruct his old dwelling, and they invited six masters of building Diaojiaolou dwelling to do the work with 1.2 million Yuan of RMB.

  通过努力,石堰坪村村民对保留原生态土家族文化的态度发生了改变。不仅村里的吊脚楼得到保护,包括糊仓、扬叉舞、薅草锣鼓等土家特色浓厚的非物质文化遗产也得到重视。

     Through Quan’s efforts, villages have different attitude and awareness to conserving the original Tujia culture. Besides Diaojiaolou buildings, they begin to pay more attention to Tujia intangible cultural heritage like Hucang celebration, Yangcha Dance, Rucao Drumming, etc.

  当石堰坪村的人们竭力保护当地原生态土家族文化的同时,不少与石堰坪村类似的土家村落正在渐渐消失。

  However, not all Tujia villages are well protected as Shiyanping village. Some original villages are gradually disappearing.

    10多年过去,石堰坪人对传统文化的坚守终于得到了肯定。2013年5月,石堰坪古建筑群成为全国重点文物保护单位,包括首批“中国传统村落”、首批“中国少数民族特色村寨”等国字号的荣誉就有6项。 

      Ten years of conservation of traditional culture in Shiyanping has been praised, and it became one of the national key cultural relic protection units in May 2013, with the honorable titles including first birch of Chinese Traditional Villages and Special Villages of Chinese Minorities.

  不仅如此,由文化坚守带来的经济效益也日渐丰厚。2014年,石堰坪游客突破15万人次,旅游收入超过500万元。今年“五一”节,来自山东、河北等全国各地的游客每天都达千人以上。

    Shiyanping Village keeps taking benefit from its culture heritage with tourism revenues of more than 5 million RMB with 150,000 visitors in 2014.

    全建国和他的乡亲们很庆幸,“我们没有走‘先发展、后保护’的老路,而是‘先保护、后利用’。事实证明我们没有走错。毕竟,有些东西,失去了就永远失去了。”

     Quan Jianguo and his villagers feel fortunate not to follow the old path of chasing the economic development in the first place, but to protect it and use it. “The facts prove that we made a right choice. After all, something is losing means that we lose it forever,” said Quan.

  全建国介绍,今年石堰坪将启动土家生态博物馆建设,把整个土家族的生产生活器具搜集起来进行集中展览,让游客进一步感受土家人的生活。

     A Tujia museum will be built for exhibiting tools and gadgets of Tujia minority’s living, in Shiyanping village this year, so that visitors may experience Tujia culture .

      Original link: 【最美村寨】石堰坪村:大山深处的文化守望