Bilingual Tips: 4 New concepts of Xi's report

Editor:Sharon Lee
Source:中国日报网
Updated:2017-10-19 09:15:48

  收藏!十九大报告最全双语贴,这4个新概念很重要!

  中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会(the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China)于今天上午9点在人民大会堂开幕。习近平代表第十八届中央委员会向党的十九大作报告。

  摄影丨新华社 马占成

  习近平指出,大会的主题是:

  不忘初心,牢记使命,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,决胜全面建成小康社会,夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利,为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦不懈奋斗。

  Remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, and work tirelessly to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

  报告提出了四个重要概念,双语君(微信ID:Chinadaily_Mobile)为你快速梳理双语内容,一起学习!

  ❶ 中国特色社会主义进入了新时代

  摄影丨中国日报 邓永安

  ▌经过长期努力,中国特色社会主义进入了新时代,这是我国发展新的历史方位。

  With decades of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This is a new historic juncture in China's development.

  ★

  ✩ 这个新时代,是承前启后、继往开来、在新的历史条件下继续夺取中国特色社会主义伟大胜利的时代,

  This new era will be an era of building on past successes to further advance our cause, and of continuing in a new historical context to strive for the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  ✩ 是决胜全面建成小康社会、进而全面建设社会主义现代化强国的时代,

  It will be an era of securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and of moving on to all-out efforts to build a great modern socialist country.

  ✩ 是全国各族人民团结奋斗、不断创造美好生活、逐步实现全体人民共同富裕的时代,

  It will be an era for the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to work together and work hard to create a better life for themselves and ultimately achieve common prosperity for everyone.

  ✩ 是全体中华儿女勠力同心、奋力实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的时代,

  It will be an era for all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, to strive with one heart to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

  ✩ 是我国日益走近世界舞台中央、不断为人类作出更大贡献的时代。

  It will be an era that sees China moving closer to center stage and making greater contributions to mankind.

  ❷ 我国社会主要矛盾已经转化

  ▌中国特色社会主义进入新时代,我国社会主要矛盾已经转化为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾。

  As socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved. What we now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life.

  ★

  必须认识到,我国社会主要矛盾的变化是关系全局的历史性变化,对党和国家工作提出了许多新要求。

  We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and the country.

  必须认识到,我国社会主要矛盾的变化,没有改变我们对我国社会主义所处历史阶段的判断,我国仍处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段的基本国情没有变,我国是世界最大发展中国家的国际地位没有变。

  We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society does not change our assessment of the present stage of socialism in China. The basic dimension of the Chinese context — that our country is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism — has not changed. China's international status as the world's largest developing country has not changed.

  ❸ 新时代中国特色社会主义思想

  ▌ 新时代中国特色社会主义思想明确了以下几点内容:

  The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes certain things clear:

  ✩ 新时代中国特色社会主义思想明确坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,总任务是实现社会主义现代化和中华民族伟大复兴,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,分两步走在本世纪中叶建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国;

  It makes clear that the overarching goal of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and national rejuvenation, and, on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.

  ✩ 明确新时代我国社会主要矛盾是人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾,必须坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕;

  It makes clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore continue commitment to our people-centered philosophy of development, and work to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone.

  ✩ 明确中国特色社会主义事业总体布局是“五位一体”、战略布局是“四个全面”,强调坚定道路自信、理论自信、制度自信、文化自信;

  It makes clear that the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the five-sphere integrated plan, and the overall strategy is the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. It highlights the importance of fostering stronger confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  ✩ 明确全面深化改革总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化;

  It makes clear that the overall goal of deepening reform in every field is to improve and develop the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China's system and capacity for governance.

  ✩ 明确全面推进依法治国总目标是建设中国特色社会主义法治体系、建设社会主义法治国家;

  It makes clear that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing law-based governance is to establish a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics and build a country of socialist rule of law.

  ✩ 明确党在新时代的强军目标是建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,把人民军队建设成为世界一流军队;

  It makes clear that the Party's goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build the people's forces into world-class forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct.

  ✩ 明确中国特色大国外交要推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体;

  It makes clear that major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics aims to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind.

  ✩ 明确中国特色社会主义最本质的特征是中国共产党领导,中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势是中国共产党领导,党是最高政治领导力量,提出新时代党的建设总要求,突出政治建设在党的建设中的重要地位。

  It makes clear that the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership. The Thought sets forth the general requirements for Party building in the new era and underlines the importance of political work in Party building.

  ★

  新时代中国特色社会主义思想,是对马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观的继承和发展,

  The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development.

  是马克思主义中国化最新成果,是党和人民实践经验和集体智慧的结晶,

  It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context, and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people.

  是中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要组成部分,是全党全国人民为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗的行动指南,必须长期坚持并不断发展。

  It is an important component of the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.

  ❹ 社会主义现代化强国

  ▌ 综合分析国际国内形势和我国发展条件,从二〇二〇年到本世纪中叶可以分两个阶段来安排。

  Based on a comprehensive analysis of the international and domestic environments and the conditions for China's development, we have drawn up a two-stage development plan for the period from 2020 to the middle of this century.

  ✩ 第一个阶段,从二〇二〇年到二〇三五年,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,再奋斗十五年,基本实现社会主义现代化。

  In the first stage from 2020 to 2035, we will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society with a further 15 years of hard work to see that socialist modernization is basically realized.

  ✩ 第二个阶段,从二〇三五年到本世纪中叶,在基本实现现代化的基础上,再奋斗十五年,把我国建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国。

  In the second stage from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, we will, building on having basically achieved modernization, work hard for a further 15 years and develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful.

  金句总结

  1

  不忘初心,方得始终。

  Never forget why you started, and you can accomplish your mission.

  中国共产党人的初心和使命,就是为中国人民谋幸福,为中华民族谋复兴。

  The original aspiration and the mission of Chinese Communists is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation.

  这个初心和使命是激励中国共产党人不断前进的根本动力。

  This founding aspiration, this mission, is what inspires Chinese Communists to advance.

  2

  行百里者半九十。中华民族伟大复兴,绝不是轻轻松松、敲锣打鼓就能实现的。

  As the Chinese saying goes, the last leg of a journey just marks the halfway point. Achieving national rejuvenation will be no walk in the park; it will take more than drum beating and gong clanging to get there. Every one of us in the Party must be prepared to work even harder toward this goal.

  3

  世界上没有完全相同的政治制度模式,政治制度不能脱离特定社会政治条件和历史文化传统来抽象评判,不能定于一尊,不能生搬硬套外国政治制度模式。

  No two political systems are entirely the same, and a political system cannot be judged in abstraction without regard for its social and political context, its history, and its cultural traditions. No one political system should be regarded as the only choice; and we should not just mechanically copy the political systems of other countries.

  4

  绝不允许以言代法、以权压法、逐利违法、徇私枉法。

  No one in a position of power is allowed in any way to override the law with his own orders, place his authority above the law, violate the law for personal gain, or abuse the law.

  5

  人民有信仰,国家有力量,民族有希望。

  When a people have ideals, their country will have strength, and their nation will have a bright future.

  6

  坚持房子是用来住的、不是用来炒的定位。

  We must not forget that housing is for living in, not for speculation.

  7

  青年兴则国家兴,青年强则国家强。青年一代有理想、有本领、有担当,国家就有前途,民族就有希望。

  A nation will prosper only when its young people thrive; a country will be full of hope and have a great tomorrow only when its younger generations have ideals, ability, and a strong sense of responsibility.

  8

  强化不敢腐的震慑,扎牢不能腐的笼子,增强不想腐的自觉,通过不懈努力换来海晏河清、朗朗乾坤。

  We will strengthen deterrence so officials daren't be corrupt, strengthen the cage of institutions so they're unable to be corrupt, and strengthen their vigilance so that they have no desire to commit corruption. Our political environment will, through tireless efforts, like seas fallen calm and rivers running clear, be clean and free of corruption.

  9

  人民群众反对什么、痛恨什么,我们就要坚决防范和纠正什么。

  We must guard against and correct with resolve the practices the people oppose and resent.

  10

  我们绝不允许任何人、任何组织、任何政党、在任何时候、以任何形式、把任何一块中国领土从中国分裂出去!

  We will never allow anyone, any organization, or any political party, at any time or in any form, to separate any part of Chinese territory from China.

  编辑:唐晓敏 左卓 李雪晴