Ecology protection of Dongting Lake, Hunan

Editor:Sharon Lee
Source:english.rednet.cn
Updated:2018-01-08 14:03:43

  双语|岳阳:呵护长江生态 保洞庭一湖清水

  岳阳伴洞庭临长江,作为长江流域的关键节点,承东启西,连南接北,既是东部沿海地区和中西部地区过渡带,又是长江开放经济带和沿海开放经济带结合部,而且还拥有洞庭湖60%以上水域面积,1500多平方公里东洞庭湖湿地。

  Dongting Lake is a large, shallow lake in northeastern Hunan province, China. It is a flood basin of the Yangtze River. The provinces of Hubei and Hunan are named after their location relative to the lake: Hubei means "North of the Lake" and Hunan, "South of the Lake". Yueyang, a city where Dongting Lake locates in, is a transitional spot connecting the economic zone of Yangtze River and the coastal economic zone. It has more than 60% of the water area of Dongting Lake, more than 1,500 square kilometers of East Dongting Lake wetlands.

“长江之肾-洞庭湖”,为呵护长江生态,保护好洞庭湖一湖清水,岳阳市“重拳”整治环境污染,体现保护生态的决心。

  Dongting Lake is always called "the kidney of Yangtze River " due to vast amounts of water and sediment from Yangtze River flowing into the lake when flooding season comes. In order to protect the ecology of the Yangtze River and protect the environment of Dongting Lake, Yueyang City, has been making efforts to curb environmental pollution to protect the ecology.

在岳阳市君山区南堤砂石码头,昔日堆场内杂乱堆放的设备和车辆已不见踪迹,取而代之的是一片平整的土地,早前撒下的草籽、补植的苗木已经成活,水清岸绿的自然生态原貌正在恢复。

  The messy pile of equipment and vehicles have disappeared in an aggregate unloading dock instead of a new woods for recovering the south embankment of Dongjing Lake, in Junshan Area of Yueyang City.


这里将打造秀美的沿湖自然风光,形成一条旅游黄金道。2017年,岳阳市加大力度开展整治违规使用长江岸线资源、整治长江干线非法码头等专项行动,全市39个长江沿江非法码头已全部关停、拆除并复绿。

  It will be a beautiful and natural scenery along the lake for tourism. In 2017, Yueyang City made the efforts to rectify the over-use of Yangtze River's resources and regulate the wharves along Yangtze River. Special measures were taken to close all 39 illegal wharves along the Yangtze River for re-greening the city.

东洞庭湖采桑湖辽阔的湿地上,冬候鸟集结于此。透过望远镜,可以看到罗纹鸭静静浮在水面,长腿的反嘴鹬行走于浅水处觅食,远处大群雁鸭飞起,一瞬间形成一片鸟云……

  Migrant birds gathered on the wetlands of Caisanghu of East Dongting Lake in winter. Through the telescope, you can see the falcated ducks quietly floating on the water, pied avocets are walking in the shallow water for food, a large flock of wild geese are flying in the distance...

近年来,采桑湖生态修复工程通过水系连通和湿地恢复、鸟类栖息地保护、湿地保护能力建设等项目建设,生物多样性得到有效保护,冬季这里成为候鸟的天堂,被誉为“拯救世界濒危物种的希望地”和“人与自然和谐共处的典范”。

  In recent years, the biodiversity in Caisanghu has been effectively protected through projects of water connectivity, wetland restoration, bird habitat protection and wetland protection for capacity building. It has become a paradise for migrant birds in winter, and it is known as the "hope of world endangered species "and a model of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.

  目前洞庭湖候鸟的种类已由10年前的200多种增加到300多种,2016年监测到越冬水鸟18.3万余只,数量创下近10年之最,近年候鸟数量每年比上年同期增加近10%。 据东洞庭湖国家级自然保护区管理局副局长张鸿介绍,2017年东洞庭湖新增了3种水鸟。

  According to data, the number of migrant birds in Dongting Lake had risen from over 200 kinds of 10 years ago to more than 300 kinds of nowadays. In 2016, it had more than 183,000 overwintering waterfowl in 2016, which is the highest in nearly 10 years. The number of migrant birds has increased more than 10% in the same period of last year. According to Zhang Hong, deputy director general of the State-level Nature Reserves Bureau of East Dongting Lake , three species of new waterbirds joined the migrant birds in East Dongting Lake in 2017.

(Two swimming finless porpoises in Poyang Lake.)

  从扁山岛南行至雁子洲水域,不时可见到三五成群的江豚出水嬉戏。“江豚的现身,得益于东洞庭湖水质逐渐向好。”湖南省岳阳县渔政管理局城陵矶站站长彭向明介绍,就在不久前,岳阳刚刚关闭了湖区饮用水源地最后一家养殖场。

  From Banshan Island to Yanzichou waters, people can see a small group of finless porpoises swimming around from time to time. "The emergence of the finless porpoise embodies the gradual improvement of the water quality of Dongting Lake," said Pengxiang Ming, director of Chenglingji Station of Yueyang County Fisheries Administration Bureau. He introduced that Yueyang just closed the last farm near drinking water source just not long ago.

着力提高水资源配置能力、着力提高水生态修复能力、着力提高水工程抗灾能力。近年来,岳阳市充分发挥临江倚湖的优势,抢抓长江经济带建设和洞庭湖生态经济区建设机遇,坚持“保护第一、生态优先”的原则,不断加大水利设施建设和环境保护治理力度,洞庭湖区水生态文明建设取得了较好成效。

  Yueyang has been making efforts to improve the allocation of water resources, to improve the ability of ecological restoration and to improve the resilience of diasters. Yueyang seized the opportunities for the construction of the Yangtze River economic belt and Dongting Lake eco-economic zone, and adhered to the principle of "environment protection first, ecology priority". The work on restoring the ecology of Dongting Lake has achieved good results by increasing water conservancy facilities and promoting environmental protection.

  岳阳市通过治理工业污染、整治污染源头整治突出问题。目前,沿湘江五大污染重灾区的治理已取得阶段性成果,湘红流域内1182家涉“重”企业全部关闭,镉、铅平均浓度较2012年下降50%以上,干流18个省控断面均优于三类水质。如今,一沿湘江而行,两岸青山秀丽滴翠,江水清澈碧绿。

  Through the management of industrial pollution,Yueyang City shuts down the source of major pollution. At present,1,182 pollution companies in five major polluted areas along Xiangjiang River were shut down. The average concentration of CD and Pb decreased by more than 50% in 2012. When you are walking along the Xiangjiang River, you can see a beautiful scene of green trees and clear water now.

  Original link: 岳阳:呵护长江生态 保洞庭一湖清水