Hunan Province: Paradise for Lobster-like Flowers

Editor:张焕勤
Source:红网
Updated:2018-05-21 16:56:53

  双语丨湖南——龙虾花蓬勃生长的天堂

  Hunan Province: Paradise for Lobster-like Flowers

龙虾花隶属“凤仙花属”,是迄今已有亿万年历史的珍稀草本植物,以其花瓣组合形似龙虾而得名。花色艳丽,有黄、红、紫、白等多种颜色,悬吊在长长的花柄下面,在微风中活蹦乱跳,如同活虾,极具观赏价值。根据花形大小不同,一般可分为“米虾花”“河虾花”“龙虾花”,大花谓“对虾”,梗长者名“青丝吊龙虾”,花色金黄的为“黄金凤”。(吴鹏 摄)

  The lobster-like flower (Impatiens spp.), a rare plant, has been grown for eons and is named after its resemblance to the lobster. The flower has multiple colors (yellow, red, purple, white, etc.) and sizes (like shrimps, prawns, lobsters, etc.).

龙虾花一般生于海拔500米至1200米的山林灌木林下及水沟旁,湖南的湘桂山脉及武陵源地区多有生长。龙虾花性喜温暖湿润的环境,花期夏秋不断,耐阴,花期长。

  The lobster-like flower, widely distributed in Hunan-Guangxi mountains and Wulingyuan area of Hunan province, likes growing in a warm and moist environment at an altitude of 500-1,200 meters. Its flower season spans from summer to autumn.

张家界武陵源地区:龙虾花广布于金鞭溪、畲刀沟、十里画廊、西海等阴湿地,在天门山、天罗山、天平山、黄石寨、宝峰山堡子界林场等地也广为分布。

  Concentrated distribution of lobster-like flowers in Wulingyuan area, Zhangjiajie, Hunan.



  龙虾花一度被认为是张家界武陵源特有植物,但近几年来,林业科技人员陆续在湖南怀化市、郴州市、永州市等地发现了它的踪影。

  Dispersed distribution of lobster-like flowers in Huaihua, Chenzhou, Yongzhou cities of Hunan.

据2015年3月报道,怀化会同县广坪镇羊角坪村发现龙虾花。当地茂林修竹、河水清澈、生态宜人,龙虾花沿山涧绵延1公里“野蛮生长”。(吴鹏 摄)

  Lobster-like flowers growing for 1 kilometer discovered in Huitong county, Huaihua, Hunan in May 2015.

据2015年7月报道,郴州桂东县沤江镇竹坑村中竹坑组发现龙虾花。龙虾花在桂东尚属首次发现,填补了桂东县没有草本“植物活化石”的空白。(陈俊文 摄)

  Lobster-like flowers firstly discovered in Guidong county, Chenzhou, Hunan in July 2015.

据2017年10月报道,郴州桂东县齐云峰国家森林公园发现大规模龙虾花,总数有10万余株。(齐云峰风光 资料图)

  Over 100,000 lobster-like flower plants discovered in Qiyunfeng National Forest Park, Chenzhou, Hunan in October 2017.

据2016年10月报道,永州双牌县阳明山国家森林公园发现大面积龙虾花,总数有600余株。(夏之阳明山 资料图)

  Over 600 lobster-like flower plants discovered in Yangming Mountain National Forest Park, Yongzhou, Hunan in October 2016.

  编译:张焕勤 据红网、湖南日报综合整理