Guitang Town is known as the place in Longshan County of Hunan, near Chongqing City of Sichuan Province and Laifeng County of Hubei Province. In the southwest of Hunan province, Guitang Town has mountainous and hills, streams, paddy fields and rich soil and irrigation facilities; therefore, it is an important rice producing area. Golden fields in Guitang make beautiful pastoral landscapes in Autumn.
Guitang Town has 209 square kilometers, with 20 villages. The population is 31787 persons, Tujia ethnic groups is 85% of the population.
Most residents of Guitang Town form natural villages by the same last name or same ethnic groups. The wooden buildings and suspended buildings are characterized by upswept eaves and ancient styles.
In Guitong Town, there is an ancient village of Tujia ethic named as Ertiyan Village, near Chongqing City. It was founded in Kangxi period of Qing Dynasty dating back nearly 300 years ago. Many of the cultural relics of the Qing dynasty are Still retained, such as the calligraphic inscriptions and paintings on the doors and walls with typical images of magpies, plum blossoms, crane, etc. Here is the hometown of Chinese Opera, and it passed down by generations for 200 years, since Daoguang period of Qing Dynasty .