Knowing All about Hunan

Returnees introduced improved version of mountain rail cart

Updated:2020-08-17 15:45:11


Xiao Yuan (left) was cuting a field with farmers in Yaqiao Village, Shexingshan town, Loudi, China, Aug. 10.

Xiao Yuan, 26, returned to her hometown Yaoqiao Village in

Loudi a year ago after graduating from St. Petersburg University with a Russian major. Fond of reading Walden and yearning for a pastoral life, she wrote to tell her friend: "My dream is small, I will be very satisfied when I return to my hometown, but my dream is also big, I want to do something meaningful to the society and myself."

"Not too much. I'm back." Xiao Yuan is petite, speak softly soft voice, but tone with a firm. A year ago after the master's graduation, is the choice to continue to read doctoral, or back to the country to find a job? "Come back and help me." Eventually, her father's proposal gave Xiao a new direction in her career choice.

In the northwest of Yao Qiao village, there is a house with two floors of brick and concrete structure. A small room on the second floor is where Xiao Yuan lives in the village. "We didn't have a homestead in our hometown. It was a temporary house built in front of a factory."

However, on the two hills opposite the hut, nearly 40,000 pomelo trees are growing vigorously. In a few months, the fruit hanging from the branches will turn a bright yellow like lemon, which means that Xiao Yuan and her father's careful cultivation over the past three years has produced good results. Xiao Yuan said with a smile that even if she didn't live as well as in the city, facing the green mountains and clear water, she could still find the feeling of Tao Yuanming.

For the first time back to her hometown to live, the difference in life gave her some discomfort. "There are a lot of mosquitoes." Xiao laughs: 'When I go to see fruit shoots and farmland, I often have to drill into the fields and soon get bitten all over.' At first, the factory's housing was limited, with only a row of wooden houses and a few minutes' walk to the toilet. On one late night trip, she encountered a snake on the way, which made her cry on the spot.

"Once in the middle of the night, it was raining and blowing hard, and our roof came off." Xiao Yuan told reporters that she and her parents lived in the car for three days after the gale, waiting for the house to be repaired before moving in.

At the moment, the pomelo has been hanging branches, but due to the recent heavy rain, the trees are surrounded by weeds. "I have asked workers for four times this year, but they still grow fast," he said. Because insist not to take medicine, the daily cultivation of pomelo, fertilization, weeding, insect control and other work are dependent on artificial.

"She has that spirit of study that's hard to come by." In the eyes of his father xiao Jianhua, his daughter is serious about the land with some academic earnestness and tenacity. In 2017, when he just returned to the village to reclaim the barren hills, Xiao Yuan, who was on leave back home, accompanied him to select the kinds of fruits and trees to be planted. The first thing he did was to send the soil to the laboratory for research. "The first thing is to figure out what's right for our land and then choose a viable product." After testing, the local soil quality is partial to acid, after many choices, Xiao Yuan found the golden pomelo, which is also the first to introduce the pomelo planting orchard in Loudi, "This is Japanese agricultural product, has been successfully planted in Huaihua, the soil there, like us".

On a hillside planted with pomelo trees, a row of winding, undulating tracks holds a trolley that slides between the slopes when switched on, a modified "S-shaped track" designed by Mr. Xiao and his father. Originally, the local farmland seeding, fertilization long-term rely on artificial, large agricultural machinery and equipment can not work up the hill. In order to change the problem of uphill fertilization, transport fertilizer low artificial efficiency, xiao Yuan grew up in the mining area, came up with a common car, it can arrange the track along the slope, greatly save manpower and time, do not need to be like before, repeatedly up and down the mountain.

In the first half of 2019, Xiao and her team officially introduced the "mountain rail vehicle", which can be used to fertilize, transport fertilizer and gather fruit uphill and even navigate the S-shaped curve, not only saving a lot of labor, but also greatly improving the efficiency of agricultural production. Now, a second batch of track-installation materials is being laid, and "the workers will be able to operate and direct the vehicle when they stand on the hillside".

In a few months, the first batch of golden pomelo is about to mature hang branches, over the top of the hill, the villagers are busy in the paddy field sowing late rice transplanting seedlings, the village of native pigs and chickens are also sold about the same, the direction to the village reservoir, a quite local characteristics of tujia restaurant is also under construction. "We have planned the primary industry to the tertiary industry, and each step is complementary and mutually supportive." Xiao Yuan is also planning to build the village into a high-quality rural tourism, "here, you can eat the most authentic peasant dishes, vacation, leisure integration."

A number of rural tourism projects that combine home stay and catering have been included in Xiao's plan.