From Hunan to Montargis: Hunan Youths' Red Stories

Editor:李莎宁 实习编辑 张焕勤
Source:红网综合
Updated:2016-07-05 17:33:51

红网直播:Rednet's live reports:


今日上午,《回望出发的地方—赴法勤工俭学与红色小镇蒙达尔纪》红网、时刻全媒体报道团6名成员由武汉天河机场出发去法国。接下来,红网时刻新闻将进行7X24小时直播。

On the morning of August 20, six journalists of Rednet and Rednet Moment App. begin their journey to France at Wuhan Tianhe International Airport in China. In the next 7 days, Rednet will have live reports as "From Hunan to Montargis: Hunan Youths' Red Stories for retrieving stories of the passions of the revolutionary history of CPC in the languages of Chinese and English. More>>

The Starting Place in Hunan

蒙达尔纪市长秘书Stéphane Poisson陪同红网采访团走访了蒙达尔纪男子公学旧址,这里曾是蔡和森、陈毅等人求学的地方,目前该地已经成为蒙达尔纪市政府大楼。

  By the company of Stéphane Poisson,the secretary for Mayor of Montargis,Rednet report team visits the former site of the Gambrtta Secondary School where Cai Hesen, Chen Yi and other students had studied in, and it is now the City Hall of Montargis, August 22, Montargis, France. More>>

在院中的铁栏旁边,留法的中国青年拍摄了一张珍贵的合影。(局部)

  This is a precious photo of Chinese students in the study-work program inFrance takenin the Gambrtta Secondary School.

 

    挂牌啦!红网记者见证蒙达尔纪纪念馆挂牌!

  Rednet journalists witness the last preparation work for the opening of the Memorial Hall of Work-study Students from Hunan Province in Montargis.   进入双语直播页面 More live Bilingual Reports>>

 湖南为何在法国买下这栋小楼?杜家毫讲述背后故事

Du Jiahao: Story behind Li Shizeng's residence in Montargis bought by Hunan


    回望这栋小楼,湖湘青年赴法勤工俭学的历史和蒙达尔纪这座小城,重新在湖南人的视野中鲜活。
The residence connects Hunan youths to Montargis and refreshes the work-study history of Hunan youths in Montargis in Hunan people’s eyes. 


风光旖旎的蒙达尔纪小镇。通讯员摄

Beautiful Montargis (the photo by correspondent)

  蒙达尔纪是巴黎南面百公里外有近千年历史的美丽小城。风景秀丽,建筑古朴美观,绿树鲜花环绕,恬静而充满诗意。 
Montargis is a town of thousands years of history in a suburb south of Paris. Due to its numerous canals and bridges, Montargis sometimes bills itself as the "Venice of the Gatinais." Though quite modern, it retains a medieval charm in its downtown area.

  20世纪20年代,这里热情接纳了数百名前来勤工俭学的中国青年,他们之中有邓小平、{MOD}、陈毅、赵世炎、蔡和森、向警予、陈延年、陈乔年、刘伯坚、王若飞、李维汉、{MOD}、{MOD}等。近百年过去,蒙达尔纪人没有忘记中国青年在此勤工俭学的历史。


Montargris is a nearly one-thousand-year-old beautiful town, 100 km away from Paris in the south. In 1920s, hundreds of Chinese youths came here for work and study, including Deng Xiaoping, Li Fuchun, Chen Yi, Zhao Shiyan, Cai Hesen, Xiang Jingyu, Chen Yannian, Chen Qiaonian, Liu Bojian, Wang Ruofei, Li Weihan, Cai Chang, He Changgong, etc. 


    从1919年初到1920年底,全国赴法勤工俭学的人员有1600余人,其中湖南青年346人。而新民学会78名会员中去法国的有蔡和森、萧子升、张昆弟、李维汉、萧三、欧阳泽、向警予、{MOD}等19人。


During 1919-1920, there were more than 1,600 Chinese youths going to France for work and study, including 346 Hunan youths. 19 of 78 Xinmin Society members went to France, such as Cai Hesen, Xiao Zisheng, Zhang Kundi, Li Weihan, Xiao San, Ou Yangze, Xiang Jingyu, Cai Chang, etc.


位于蒙达尔纪雷蒙特列街15号的李石曾故居。通讯员摄

Former residence of Li Shizeng in Montargis (the photo by correspondent)


  李石曾故居位于蒙达尔纪雷蒙特列街15号,是一幢三层楼的法式建筑,前面临街,后面靠河,总面积260平方米左右,共有六套房间。这幢古朴建筑,就是当年革命先驱勤工俭学的寓所。

The former residence of Li Shizeng in Montargis is a three-storey French-style building, facing streets in front and rivers at back. The residence with six rooms covers an area of 160 square meters, where Chinese youths ever worked and studied.
  李石曾先生是当年赴法勤工俭学的倡议者和领导者。1903年,李石曾先生最先来到蒙达尔纪求学,并先后邀请孙中山、蔡元培、周恩来等来此访问或讲学。1912年李石曾先生关于帮助中国留学生赴法勤工俭学的倡议也是在蒙达尔纪提出来的,赴法勤工俭学学生当中,约有三百名在这里学习、工作,是当年中国留学生交流、活动的重要场所,包括李维汉、{MOD}、李立三、{MOD}、向警予等革命先辈。

Mr. Li Shizeng is the advocator and leader of the Chinese old revolutionaries studying and working in France. In 1903, Mr. Li Shizeng came to Montargis for study, and then invited Sun Yat-sen, Cai Yuanpei, Zhou Enlai, etc. to visit Montargis. In 1912, Mr. Li Shizeng advocated to help Chinese overseas students studying and working in France in Montargis. There were about 300 Chinese overseas students studying and working here; the former residence of Li Shizeng was the key location for them at that time, including Li Weihan, Li Fuchun, Li Lisan, Cai Chang, Xiang Jingyu, etc.


    目前,由李石曾故居改建成的中国留学生赴法勤工俭学纪念馆装修即将完成,预计今年8月可以正式对外开放。


The memorial hall  will complete decoration soon and be opened to the public in August 2016.


  蔡和森、{MOD}、李立三、向警予等人在湖南都有纪念馆,如果我们共同努力,把湖南的纪念馆与法国的纪念馆联系起来,就能够更好地反映这些革命先辈成长、斗争的历史。


Since there are memorial halls for Cai Hesen, Cai Chang, Xiang Jingyu, etc., we can connect Hunan memorial halls with the French memorial hall to better present the growth history of the old revolutionaries.

 

回望出发地:湖南

 

  红网系列报道《回望出发的地方——赴法勤工俭学和红色小镇蒙达尔纪》从新民学会旧址娓娓道来,展示了那一批湖湘青年赴法勤工俭学背后的故事。因为这些故事,湖南长沙的新民学会旧址在广大网民的头脑中,更形象生动了起来,回溯这些革命青年和他们在湖南学习和工作过的地方,也赋予了法国的蒙达尔纪这座小城不一般的意义。

From Hunan to Montargis: Hunan Youths’Red Stories, Rednet’s Respors on the 95th Founding Anniversary of the CPC, starts telling Hunan youths’ work-study stories in Montargis from the former site of Xinmin Society. Thanks to the stories, the former site of Xinmin Society and Montargis in France are refreshed in mind to re-memorize Hunan youths’ work-study history in France. 
   

蒙达尔纪:湖湘青年勤工俭学的红色印记

Montargis: Hunan Youths' Work-study History 

新民学会会员分布图。

The distribution diagram of Xinmin Society members


 新民学会会员赴法勤工俭学路线图。

The roadmap of Xinmin Society members going to France for work and study

 1919年12月,李维汉和赴法同学抵达法国,安置在法国巴黎西郊的华侨协社。图为华侨协社旧址。

In December 1919, Li Weihan arrived in France with other work-study students and were arranged at Overseas Chinese Association at the western suburb of Paris. The picture shows the old site of Overseas Chinese Association.

 

 当时的蒙达尼女子公学旧址。

The former site of Montargis Women's School

1920年,{MOD}(左1)、熊季光(左5)、葛健豪(左6)、向警予(左7)、熊淑彬(左8)等勤工俭学学生在蒙达尔纪女校的合影。

The group photo of work-study students in Montargis Female School in 1920, including Cai Chang (1st L), Xiong Jiguang (5th L), Xiang Jingyu (7th L), and Xiong Shubin (8th L), etc.

 
1920年,赴法的新民学会会员在蒙达尔纪聚会,讨论学会方针。图为与会的新民学会会员合影。

In 1920, Xinmin Society members met in Montargis to discuss its guideline. The picture shows the group photo of Xinmin Society members at the meeting.

1921年7月23日,工学世界社在蒙达尔纪召开会议,邀请坚持勤工的勤工俭学会代表李立三参加,讨论加强团结和成立共产主义组织的问题。图为与会人员合影。左起前面8为李立三,10为萧三,2排7为李林,3排1为{MOD},10为蔡和森,后排7为李维汉。(资料图)

On July 23, 1921, Engineering World Society convened a meeting in Montargis. The work-study representative Li Lisan attended the meeting to discuss the founding of the Communist Party of China. The picture shows the group photo of participants at the meeting: Li Lisan (8th L, front), Xiao San (10th L, front), Li Lin (7th L, 2nd row), Li Fuchun (1st L, 3nd row), Cai Hesen (10th L, 3nd row), and Li Weihan (7th L, back)
蒙达尔纪的那些湖湘青年
Hunan Youths in Montargis

蔡和森

蔡和森:一封信发出铿锵{MOD}先声
Cai Hesen: First to propose CPC founding

1920年7月,蔡和森在著名的蒙达尼会议上,明确提出“主张组织共产党,使无产阶级专政”。
In July 1920, at the Montargis meeting, Cai Hesen proposed the CPC founding and proletarian dictatorship.[More] 

向警予
 

向警予:中国共产党唯一女创始人
Xiang Jingyu: Only female CPC founder
 

向警予是中国共产党唯一的女创始人,被誉为中国妇女运动先驱,为湖南女界勤工俭{MOD}动首创者。
Xiang Jinyu is the only female CPC founder, widely regarded as the pioneer of Chinese women’s liberation movement and the initiator of Hunan women’s work-study movement.[More]

 

李维汉

李维汉:组织旅欧中国少年共产党
Li Weihan: Founder of Chinese Young Communist Party in Europe

1919年,李维汉赴法国勤工俭学,同周恩来、赵世炎等人组织创建旅欧中国少年共产党。
In 1919, Li Weihan went to France for work and study, and found Chinese Young Communist Party in Europe with Zhou Enlai, Zhao Shiyan, etc.[More]

李立三

李立三:赴法勤工俭学 从此步上政治舞台
Li Lisan: A Communist developed from work-study-in-France

赴法勤工俭学不仅使李立三从一名无政府主义信仰者成长为坚定的共产主义者,还为其回国领导工人运动奠定了良好的基础。
Work-study-in-France has inwardly changed Li Lisan from an anarchism believer to a firm communist, which paved a way for his leadership in labor movements in China.[More]

中国妇女解放运动的先驱

中国妇女解放运动的先驱
Cai Chang: A Pioneer of Chinese Women’s Liberation Movement

美国作家尼姆•韦尔斯曾这样评价{MOD}:自从向警予牺牲后,她就是“中国最前导的女共产党员”“最活跃的女革命家”。
American writer Nym Wales ever commented that, Cai Chang is the most leading female CPC member and the most active female revolutionist after Xiang Jingyu.[More]

中国妇女解放运动的先驱

甘为民众“扛一辈子长工”
He Changgong: Lifelong Work for Ordinary People

1919年,赴法国勤工俭学,这是他一生中重要的转折点。1924年,回国,继而在华容县和井冈山从事革命斗争,书写传奇人生。
In 1919, He Changgong went to France for work and study, which was a turning point for his life. In 1924, He Changgong returned to China and then devoted himself to revolution in Huarong county and Jinggang Mountains.[More]